Arunachal Pradesh is today celebrating its statehood day. On this day, 20th February 1987, it has become full fledged state. Previously, it was a union territory. It was also known as NEFA ( North East Frontier Agency) and was administered through Ministry of External Affairs by political officers and Governor of Assam, till 1972. In 1972, it became a union territory and was placed under a chief commissioner.
After 3 years, in 1975, it acquired a legislature. And finally, on 20th February 1987 Statehood was conferred on Arunachal Pradesh when Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister and it became the 25th State of the Union of India.
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state in North East India area wise. It has many tribes and sub tribes. Many of its tribes come under Tani tribe which comprises of major tribes like Adi, Nyishi, Tagin, Apatani etc. who trace back their roots to Abo Tani. Other major tribe like Monpa, is Buddhist. Tani tribes follow Donyi Polo religion, though many have converted to Christianity, Hinduism.
Defence Minister A K Antony is on a two-day visit to Arunachal Pradesh, will take part in the silver jubilee celebrations of the state there. The Defence Minister was invited there by Chief Minister Nabam Tuki, who had met him in his office earlier this month, they said. During the visit, the Minister is also likely to review the operational preparedness of the troops and formations deployed there.
Arunachal Pradesh is claimed by China as its southern province or Zangnan and it has been a bone of contention between India and China. They also fought a war over boundary disputes in 1962 where Chinese Army reached Tezpur, Assam.
Presently, Congress is a majority party and rules the state by its CM Nabam Tuki.