Separate State demands in North East India : an analysis

There have been news about demand for separate states by many small or big tribes in North East India. While many tribes have their own autonomous councils which control many social welfare departments except police, judiciary, personals, PSUs and other central government departments.

Still, there are reports of ‘Bandhs’, agitation for demanding separate states. It may be mentioned quickly here that, apart from Manipur, almost all other states were once district of Assam! But one by one, many states were created carving out areas from Assam. Recently, separate state demand by Bodos are making headlines.

But apart from Bodoland, there are periodic demand by Koch for Kamatapur, Misings, Dimasas, Karbis in Assam, Tribals in Tripura, Garos in Meghalaya, few Naga tribes in Nagaland are also heard. Though almost all these tribes enjoy autonomy in the form of Sixth Schedule under Indian Constitution or Autonomous District Councils. So what went wrong or what are the reasons for this separate state demands tribal in North East India ?

Few known or much debated reasons on internet forums are listed below :-

1. Lack of development and exploitation by forward communities

This is one of reasons cited by the organisations who have been demanding separate states. Most probably, this kind issue should be probed by third party with known parameters.

2. Assamese Chauvinism in Language agitation in 1972 and Illegal Immigration in 1979-1985

Many opine these two incidents had induced fear in tribal about losing their culture, language by majority Assamese speakers. So almost all tribes had formed their student organisation in line with AASU during these period. Ad many opine that the process of assimilation by tribal with mainstream Assamese society was not only halted, but also reversed.

3. Past precedence of creating separate states

In order to quell armed separatist movements as well as ease of deploying laws like AFSPA may have forced Government of India to create separate states from Assam in 1960s. But this has created a precedence and many tribes now who now think it is quite achievable to get separate state.

4. Sense of Alienation by main stream forward society

Though discrimination of tribal on the basis of caste was not almost non existent in North East India, but with more education among tribal had made them aware how they have fallen behind other communities which may have forced them to be suspicious about other communities. Lack of proper implementation of “Tribal Belt and Block” system had also fueled the fear.

5. Separatism by historical reasons

Many tribe had a history where they were quite independent and self reliant in their own small geographical confinement and used to live isolated. But with modernization and advent of civilisation, this isolation has decreased and dependency on others have increased. Tribes had to abandon some rituals or culture in order to keep pace with modernisation.

Most probably, in order to address or solve this separatism problems, Government/NGOs should list out the grievances by these tribal people and try to convince to address or solve these issues with concrete steps with time deadline using SMART formula ( where S : Specific, M : Measurable, A : Attainable/Achievable, R : Relevant , T : Time bound) instead of failed experiments with autonomous councils. We would like to add one more wort for T : Transparency. Autonomous councils have been accused of rampant corruptions recently. People should be educated using road shows, SMS bulk messaging, Radios, TV etc. so that everyone is aware of the facilities provided and how to get them. Third party auditor should be employed for overseeing any project implementation.

16 thoughts on “Separate State demands in North East India : an analysis

    • July 30, 2014 at 11:52 pm
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      We need tipraland becuase this is our state

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  • June 10, 2012 at 5:11 pm
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    Tripura Indigenous peoples also demanding separate state Tipraland for Tripuri,but why trr not write about Tripura problem.

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  • July 29, 2012 at 2:00 pm
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    we the son of soil. We want autonomous council for mech. Neither mech land will demand further

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  • February 9, 2014 at 3:57 pm
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    So many demand for many things. does all these demand will be given/fulfill ????? well I would like to say something about illegal migration which is not a new issue in N-E India. look at the autonomy,political condition etc…In case of Tripura state where people are deprived of all sphere development . Today, the indigenous have no right/mobility and demographically they are outnumbered day by day…..if this continue then what is the future of indigenous people……..

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  • November 5, 2014 at 4:21 pm
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    I want only TIPRALAND, for TRIPURI’S people…..Tripuri Kingdom is a great World longest KINGDOMS……we want a Separate Country TIPRALAND

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  • December 11, 2014 at 11:35 am
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    Yes it is absolutely right that We need Tipraland.

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  • August 25, 2015 at 3:37 pm
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    we want tipraland for developed our state and country … we are not treated goodly by the Bengali people… we also we want freedom … our country India got indepndnce on 15 th august … but we the tribal people of tripura are not getting till now … till now we are still under Bengali people

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  • December 29, 2015 at 5:25 pm
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    We are indigenous people that means it is not that we are tribal.
    Our fourfathers had a great historical evidence but due to political conspiracy of the unprecidented immigrants of east Pakistan present Bangladesh we are almost going to abolish from the world political geographical scine. Because of their conspiracy we the tipra nation become tribal people of Tripura. That is Why we need Tipraland there is no alternative way to protect our bru or TIPRA PEOPLE/TIPRASA. Let us unify our right political Leader. Let us choose the just & perfect Leader so that we can unify our national leaders who can lead and rule tipra national state.

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  • January 10, 2016 at 9:19 pm
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    I am a honourable citizen of India my birth places is tripura, but my people could cannot live a normal life our birth right is taken because of the brutly wamsas(bangalis),but no one see our difficle suition, I just want to say we want TIPRALAND, to live alive, ,,,,longlive TIPRALAND

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  • May 6, 2016 at 11:23 pm
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    yes we need tipraland

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  • May 27, 2016 at 2:33 pm
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    We want justice we want justice we want justice…. We want tipraland we want tipraland …tipraland tipraland we want tipraland..✌✌✌✊✊✊✊✊✊✊

    Reply

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